The U.S. Girls' Junior Championship was established in 1949, one year after the Junior Amateur Championship. Philadelphia (Pa.) Country Club, one of the oldest golf courses in the nation, was the host club for the USGA's newest championship. The Club's Bala Course had been constructed in 1891, three years before the birth of the USGA.

The inaugural Girls' Junior drew a starting field of 28 girls from 17 states, although 10 of the players were from the Philadelphia area.

More impressive than the size of the field or the styles of play was the wonderful spirit and sportsmanship the contestants brought to the game, and their complete lack of pretense.

The first champion, Marlene Bauer, 15, came all the way from Los Angeles to win her first national golf title. While golf for girls, beyond the club level, was still a novelty, Marlene had been encouraged by her father, a golf professional, since the age of three. Her victory in the first Girls' Junior was the springboard for a long and distinguished career.

The Championship has also helped launch the careers of such outstanding players as Mickey Wright, who won in 1952, and later captured four U.S. Women's Open championships, and JoAnne Gunderson Carner, who won the first of her eight USGA titles in the 1956 Girls' Junior. Nancy Lopez won in 1972 and 1974, interupted in 1973 by Amy Alcott, who went on to win the Women's Open in 1980.

Considering the brevity and time limitations on a junior golf career, Hollis Stacy's record of three consecutive Girls' Junior Championships, from 1969 to 1971, is among the most remarkable accomplishments in USGA history. Hollis, however, never made it easy. The final matches of her first two championships went 18 holes. In her last victory, in 1971, Hollis needed four-under-par golf to eventually defeat Amy Alcott at the 19th hole. From the third through the 17th hole, neither player made a bogey; between them they made nine birdies. The match is regarded as one of the finest in USGA history.

With her last victory, Stacy became only the seventh golfer to win USGA championships in three successive years. She later won the Women's Open Championship in 1977, 1978, and 1984.

Kay Cornelius, the 1981 winner, is among the other noteworthy champions. Her mother, Kathy Cornelius, won the 1956 U.S. Women's Open. They remain the only mother-daughter team to have captured USGA championships.

While victory in the U.S. Girls' Junior by no means guarantees a successful career in women's golf, Girls' Junior champions have won the Women's Amateur and the Women's Open a remarkable 10 times each.

Furthermore, 17 Girls' Junior champions have gone on to represent the United States on the Curtis Cup team. 

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The USGA and Chevron have committed to using the game of golf to encourage students in science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) disciplines. This commitment has led to the creation of extensive golf-focused STEM teaching tools, and has resulted in charitable contributions to support golf-related programs through Eagles for Education™

At U.S. Open Championships the Chevron STEM ZONE™ is an interactive experience highlighting the science and math behind the game of golf through a variety of hands-on exhibits and experiments.

The partnership has also produced educational materials such as the Science of Golf video series and a nationally-distributed newspaper insert which are provided to teachers as tools to enhance existing curriculum in schools. These lessons teach the science behind the USGA’s equipment testing, handicapping, and agronomy efforts.

For more interactive experiences featuring golf-focused STEM lessons, visit the partnership homepage.

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Rolex has been a longtime supporter of the USGA and salutes the sportsmanship and great traditions unique to the game. This support includes the Rules of Golf where Rolex has partnered with the USGA to ensure golfers understand and appreciate the game.

As the official timekeeper of the USGA and its championships, they also provide clocks throughout host sites for spectator convenience.

For more information on Rolex and their celebration of the game, visit the Rolex and Golf homepage.

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IBM has partnered with the USGA to bring the same technology, expertise, and innovation it provides to businesses all over the world to the USGA and golf's national championship.

IBM provides the information technology to develop and host the U.S. Open’s official website, www.usopen.com, as well as the mobile apps and scoring systems for the three U.S. Open championships. These real-time technology solutions provide an enhanced experience for fans following the championship onsite and online.

For more information on IBM and the technology that powers the U.S. Open and businesses worldwide, visit http://www.usopen.com/IBM

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Lexus is committed to partnering with the USGA to deliver a best-in-class experience for the world’s best golfers by providing a fleet of courtesy luxury vehicles for all USGA Championships.

At each U.S. Open, Women’s Open and Senior Open, Lexus provides spectators with access to unique experiences ranging from the opportunity to have a picture taken with both the U.S. Open and U.S. Women’s Open trophies to autograph signings with legendary Lexus Golf Ambassadors in the Lexus Performance Drive Pavilion.

For more information on Lexus, visit http://www.lexus.com/

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Together, American Express and the USGA have been providing world-class service to golf fans since 2006. By creating interactive U.S. Open experiences both onsite and online, American Express enhances the USGA’s effort to make the game more accessible and enjoyable for fans.

For more information on American Express visit www.americanexpress.com/entertainment

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