2013 U.S. Open Fact Sheet

PAR AND YARDAGE: Merion Golf Club will be set up at 6,996 yards and will play to a par of 34-36-70. Merion G.C. is the first U.S. Open course under 7,000 yards since 2004. For the 1981 U.S. Open Championship, Merion’s East Course was a par 70 and played at 6,544 yards. For the 2005 U.S. Amateur Championship, Merion was 6,846 yards and was a par 70.



Hole 1 2 3 4 5 6  7 8 9 Total
Par 4 5 3 5 4 4 4 4 3 36
Yards 350 556 256 628 504 487 360 359 236 3,736
Hole 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 Total
Par 4 4 4 3 4 4 4 3 4 34
Yards 303 367 403 115 464 411 430 246 521 3,260


ARCHITECT: Hugh Wilson designed Merion Golf Club, which opened in 1912. A lifelong amateur golfer who played at Princeton as a collegian, Wilson was assigned his task by the Merion Cricket Club Golf Committee. He also planned the Merion’s West Course (1914) and Cobb’s Creek Golf Club (1916).

U.S. OPEN PHILOSOPHY: The USGA strives to make the U.S. Open the most rigorous, yet fair and complete, examination of golf skills, testing all forms of shotmaking. The USGA prepares the course after careful consideration of 14 factors. The complete philosophy statement can be found at www.USOPEN.com. The course can truly be called “the toughest test in golf.”

WHO CAN ENTER: The championship is open to any professional and any amateur golfer with a USGA Handicap Index® not exceeding 1.4. The deadline for entries was April 24.

ENTRIES: The USGA accepted a record 9,820 entries for the 2013 U.S. Open. In 2012, 9,006 entries were accepted, the fourth-highest total in U.S. Open history.

LOCAL QUALIFYING: Local qualifying, played over 18 holes, was conducted between May 6-16.

SECTIONAL QUALIFYING: Sectional qualifying, played over 36 holes, was conducted at two international sites on May 27 (England, Japan) and 11 sites in the U.S. on June 3. A total of 74 golfers qualified for the 2013 U.S. Open through sectionals.

CHAMPIONSHIP FIELD: The starting field of 156 golfers will be cut after 36 holes to the low 60 scorers (and ties).

SCHEDULE OF PLAY:  Eighteen holes of stroke play are scheduled each day from June 13 (Thursday) through June 16 (Sunday). In the event of a tie after 72 holes, an 18-hole playoff will be held on June 17 (Monday), beginning at 9 a.m. (EST).

2012 CHAMPION: Webb Simpson, playing in his just second U.S. Open, emerged as the 2012 champion at The Olympic Club (Lake Course) by moving past seven players in front of him in the last round, shooting a 2-under 68 and claiming a one-stroke victory. Simpson, a 26-year-old from Charlotte, N.C., edged Graeme McDowell and Michael Thompson with a closing round that featured a stretch of four birdies in five holes and not a single bogey in his final 13 holes. Simpson, who was tied for 29th after 36 holes, carded a pair of 68s over the final two rounds for a 1-over par total of 281. He became the first American to win the U.S. Open since 2009.

PLAYERS IN FIELD WITH MOST OPEN APPEARANCES (2013 included): Phil Mickelson (23), Ernie Els (21), Jim Furyk (19), Stewart Cink (18), Steve Stricker (18), Tiger Woods (18), David Toms (17) and Padraig Harrington (16).

ACTIVE CONSECUTIVE U.S. OPEN APPEARANCES (2013 included): Ernie Els (21), Phil Mickelson (20), Stewart Cink (18) and Jim Furyk (18).

TITLE DEFENSE: Since 1991, Tiger Woods, Retief Goosen and Graeme McDowell have finished better than 40th in trying to defend their U.S. Open crown. McDowell tied for 14th at the U.S. Open at Congressional Country Club after winning the 2010 title. Goosen tied for 11th in 2005 after holding a three-stroke lead after 54 holes. Woods tied for 12th in 2001 following his win in 2000 at Pebble Beach and tied for 20th in 2003 after winning the previous year. In 2009, he tied for sixth in defending his 2008 title. Seven champions have missed the cut during this period, most recently Rory McIlroy in 2012. Curtis Strange remains the last golfer to successfully defend the U.S. Open title (1988-89).

WHAT THE WINNER RECEIVES: Among the benefits enjoyed by the U.S. Open winner are:

A U.S. Open exemption for the next 10 years
An invitation to the next five Masters Tournaments
An invitation to the next five British Open Championships
An invitation to the next five PGA Championships
An invitation to the next five Players Championships
Exempt status on the PGA Tour for five years

QUALIFYING FOR THE OTHER MAJORS: The top 10 finishers (and ties) are exempt for next year’s (2014) U.S. Open. The top eight finishers (and ties) are invited to next year’s (2014) Masters Tournament.

HISTORY: This is the 113th U.S. Open Championship. The U.S. Open, which was first played in 1895, was not contested for two years (1917-18) during World War I and for four years (1942-45) during World War II. The youngest winner of the U.S. Open was 19-year-old John McDermott, who won in 1911; he is among eight players age 21 or younger who have won the U.S. Open. The oldest winner is Hale Irwin, who was 45 and playing on a special exemption when he won his third U.S. Open title in 1990. Irwin earlier won in 1974 and 1979.

There are four four-time U.S. Open winners: Willie Anderson (1901, 1903, 1904, 1905); amateur Robert T. Jones Jr. (1923, 1926, 1929, 1930); Ben Hogan (1948, 1950, 1951, 1953); and Jack Nicklaus (1962, 1967, 1972, 1980).

Only five players have won the Masters and U.S. Open titles in the same year: Craig Wood (1941), Hogan (1951, 1953), Arnold Palmer (1960), Nicklaus (1972) and Tiger Woods (2002).

U.S. OPENS AT MERION GOLF CLUB: This is the fifth U.S. Open Championship and the 16h USGA championship to be conducted at Merion Golf Club.

In 1934, Olin Dutra won by one stroke over Gene Sarazen after carding rounds of 71 and 72 on the last day. Dutra, the first native Californian to win the Open, trailed by eight shots after the first 36 holes. His comeback was the largest of any player until Arnold Palmer matched that mark in 1960. Dutra climbed past 17 players despite battling a stomach ailment.

In 1950, Ben Hogan won his second of four U.S. Opens in a playoff with Lloyd Mangrum and George Fazio. Hogan, who was involved in a near-fatal automobile accident only 16 months earlier, parred the 72nd hole to join the playoff by hitting a 1-iron approach to within 40 feet. Hogan shot 69 in the playoff, including a birdie on the 17th, to defeat Mangrum by four strokes.

Lee Trevino won a playoff with Jack Nicklaus in 1971 to capture his second U.S. Open title. Trevino took the lead in the playoff when Nicklaus left shots in bunkers on the second and third holes. Trevino made birdies and Nos. 12 and 15 en route to a 3-under 68 and a three-stroke victory. Nicklaus and Trevino each had an opportunity to win the championship outright but missed putts on the 72nd hole. Jim Simons, a 21-year-old amateur who led after 54 holes, needed a birdie on the 18th to join the playoff, but drove into the rough.

In 1981, David Graham played one of the most precise rounds in U.S. Open history in shooting 67 to win the title by three strokes. Graham made four birdies, including two on each nine, with one bogey. He officially hit 15 greens and missed just one fairway. Graham, the first Australian to win the Open championship, trailed 54-hole leader George Burns by three heading to the final round.


Championship Years and Winners

1904 U.S. Women’s Amateur – Georgianna Bishop def. E.F. Sanford, 5 and 3
1909 U.S. Women’s Amateur – Dorothy Campbell def. Nonna Barlow, 3 and 2
1916 U.S. Amateur – Charles Evans Jr. def. Robert Gardner, 4 and 3
1924 U.S. Amateur – Robert T. Jones Jr. def. George Von Elm, 9 and 8
1926 U.S. Women’s Amateur – Helen Stetson def. Elizabeth Goss, 3 and 1
1930 U.S. Amateur – Robert T. Jones Jr. def. Eugene Homans, 8 and 7
1934 U.S. Open – Olin Dutra by one stroke over Gene Sarazen, 293-294
1949 U.S. Women’s Amateur – Dorothy Porter def. Dorothy Kielty, 3 and 2
1950 U.S. Open – Ben Hogan def. Lloyd Mangrum & George Fazio, 287 (69) - 287 (73) - 287 (75)
1966 U.S. Amateur – Gary Cowan def. Deane Beman, 285 (75) - 285 (76)
1971 U.S. Open – Lee Trevino def. Jack Nicklaus, 280 (68) - 280 (71)
1981 U.S. Open – David Graham won by three strokes over Bill Rogers & George Burns, 273-276
1989 U.S. Amateur – Chris Patton def. Danny Green, 3 and 1
1998 U.S. Girls’ Junior – Leigh Anne Hardin def. Brittany Straza, 2 up
2005 U.S. Amateur – Edoardo Molinari def. Dillon Dougherty, 4 and 3


Competition Years and Winners

1954 Curtis Cup – USA def. Great Britain & Ireland, 6-3
1960 World Amateur Team – USA won by 42 strokes over Australia, 834-876
2009 Walker Cup – USA def. Great Britain & Ireland, 16.5-9.5

USGA CHAMPIONSHIPS IN PENNSYLVANIA: The 2013 U.S Open will be the 82nd USGA championship and 16th Open to be conducted in Pennsylvania. The state has hosted 12 of 13 USGA national championships. Some of the game’s greatest players have won U.S. Opens in Pennsylvania, including Byron Nelson (1939), Ben Hogan (1950, 1953), Jack Nicklaus (1962), Lee Trevino (1971), Johnny Miller (1973) and Ernie Els (1994).


Years, Courses and Winners

1907 U.S. Open – Philadelphia Cricket Club, Philadelphia (Alex Ross)
1910 U.S. Open – Philadelphia Cricket Club, Philadelphia (Alex Smith)
1927 U.S. Open – Oakmont Country Club, Oakmont (Tommy Armour)
1934 U.S. Open – Merion Golf Club, Ardmore (Olin Dutra)
1935 U.S. Open – Oakmont Country Club, Oakmont (Sam Parks Jr.)
1939 U.S. Open – Philadelphia Country Club, Gladwyne (Byron Nelson)
1950 U.S. Open – Merion Golf Club, Ardmore (Ben Hogan)
1953 U.S. Open – Oakmont Country Club, Oakmont (Ben Hogan)
1962 U.S. Open – Oakmont Country Club, Oakmont (Jack Nicklaus)
1971 U.S. Open – Merion Golf Club, Ardmore (Lee Trevino)
1973 U.S. Open – Oakmont Country Club, Oakmont (Johnny Miller)
1981 U.S. Open – Merion Golf Club, Ardmore (David Graham)
1983 U.S. Open – Oakmont Country Club, Oakmont (Larry Nelson)
1994 U.S. Open – Oakmont Country Club, Oakmont (Ernie Els)
2007 U.S. Open – Oakmont Country Club, Oakmont (Angel Cabrera)

FUTURE U.S. OPENS                     

June 12-15, 2014 – Pinehurst (No. 2) Resort & Country Club, Village of Pinehurst, N.C.
June 18-21, 2015 – Chambers Bay, University Place, Wash
June 16-19, 2016 – Oakmont (Pa.) Country Club
June 15-18, 2017 – Erin Hills, Erin, Wis.
June 14-17, 2018 – Shinnecock Hills Golf Club, Southampton, N.Y.
June 13-16, 2019 – Pebble Beach (Calif.) Golf Links


288 yards – 8th at Oakmont (Pa.) Country Club, 2007
253 yards – 8th at Oakmont (Pa.) Country Club, 1927, 1935, 1953, 1962
249 yards – 8th at Oakmont (Pa.) Country Club, 1994
247 yards – 17th at Olympia Fields (Ill.) Country Club (North Course), 2003
246 yards – 17th at Merion Golf Club (East Course), Ardmore, Pa., 2013
244 yards – 8th at Oakmont (Pa.) Country Club, 1973


525 yards – 7th at Bethpage State Park (Black Course), Farmingdale, N.Y., 2009
523 yards – 18th at Congressional Country Club (Blue Course), Bethesda, Md., 2011
521 yards – 18th at Merion Golf Club (East Course), Ardmore, Pa., 2013
520 yards – 1st at The Olympic Club (Lake Course), San Francisco, Calif., 2012
515 yards – 6th at Torrey Pines (South Course), San Diego, Calif., 2008
514 yards – 9th at Winged Foot Golf Club (West Course), Mamaroneck, N.Y., 2006


670 yards – 16th at The Olympic Club (Lake Course), San Francisco, Calif., 2012
667 yards – 12th at Oakmont Country Club, Oakmont, Pa., 2007
642 yards – 5th at Southern Hills Country Club, Tulsa, Okla., 2001
640 yards – 12th at Winged Foot Golf Club (West Course), Mamaroneck, N.Y., 2006
636 yards – 9th at Congressional Country Club (Blue Course), Bethesda, Md., 2011


Rory McIlroy – the last foreign winner (2011)
Curtis Strange – the last to defend title successfully (1989)
Francis Ouimet – the last winner who won the Open on his first attempt (1913)
Webb Simpson – the last winner to win the Open on his second attempt (2012)
Rory McIlroy – the last start-to-finish winner with no ties (2011)
a-Robert T. Jones Jr. – the last winner to birdie the 72nd hole and win by one stroke (1926)
Tiger Woods – the last winner to birdie the 72nd hole (2008)
Tiger Woods – the last winner to birdie the 72nd hole to force a playoff (2008)
Geoff Ogilvy – the last winner without a round in the 60s (2006)
Rory McIlroy – the last winner with all rounds in the 60s (2011)
Webb Simpson – the last winner between ages 20-29 (was 26 in 2012)
Graeme McDowell – the last winner between ages 30-39 (was 30 in 2010)
Payne Stewart – the last winner over age 40 (was 42 in 1999)
Rory McIlroy – the last defending champion to miss the cut (2012)
Hale Irwin – the last winner who received a special exemption (1990)
Lucas Glover – the last winner to come through sectional qualifying (2009)
Orville Moody – the last winner to come through local and sectional qualifying (1969)
John Goodman – the last amateur to win the Open (1933)

PHOTO MEDIA SERVICE:  The USGA will offer daily complimentary high-resolution photographs during the U.S. Open (Monday-Sunday) for news use only. For more information and to register, contact John Mummert of the USGA at jmummert@usga.org. His office phone number is (908) 234-2300, ext. 1983.

MEDIA OPERATIONS/SERVICE: Please contact Pete Kowalski, Brian DePasquale or Suzanne Colson for more information regarding your U.S. Open coverage. Their contact information is:

Media Center (starting June 10) – TBD
Pete Kowalski, O - 908-234-2300 x1322; M - 908-216-8435 (pkowalski@usga.org)
Brian DePasquale, O – 908-234-2300 x1292; M - 908-655-8395 (bdepasquale@usga.org)

For more information on the USGA, please visit www.usga.org.

Media-specific information can be found at http://www.usga.org/press_room/Press-Room/

EXEMPTION LIST (as of Jan. 1, 2013): A list of the 52 golfers who are currently fully exempt from qualifying for the 2013 U.S. Open. (a-amateur):



Player Exemption Player Exemption
Keegan Bradley 7,12 Ryan Moore 12
Angel Cabrera 1,5 Geoff Ogilvy 1
Michael Campbell 1 Louis Oosthuizen 6,12
Roger Chapman 10 John Peterson 11
Kevin Chappell 11 Carl Pettersson 12
K.J. Choi 8 Scott Piercy 12
Stewart Cink 6 Justin Rose 12
Darren Clarke 6 Charl Schwartzel 5
Luke Donald 12 Adam Scott 12
Jason Dufner 11,12 John Senden 11,12
a-Alan Dunbar 3 Webb Simpson 1,11,12
Ernie Els 6,11,12 Brandt Snedeker 12
Rickie Fowler 12 Steve Stricker 12
a-Steven Fox 2 Michael Thompson 11
Jim Furyk 1,11,12 David Toms 11
Sergio Garcia 12 Bo Van Pelt 12
Rogert Garrigus 12 Nick Watney 12
Lucas Glover 1 Bubba Watson 5,12
    a-Michael Weaver 2
Padraig Harrington 6,7,11 Lee Westwood 11,12
John Huh 12 a-Chris Williams 4
Dustin Johnson 12 Casey Wittenberg 11
Zach Johnson 12 Tiger Woods 1,12
Martin Kaymer 7 Y.E. Yang 7
Matt Kuchar 8,12    
Hunter Mahan 12    
Graeme McDowell 1,11    
Rory McIlroy 1,7,12    
Phil Mickelson 5,12    


Bold: Past U.S. Open Champion

Key to Player Exemptions:

1.) Winners of the U.S. Open Championship the last 10 years (2003-12)
2.) Winner and runner-up of the 2012 U.S. Amateur Championship (must be an amateur)
3.) Winner of the 2012 British Amateur Championship (must be an amateur)
4.) Winner of the 2012 Mark H. McCormack Medal (top-ranked in WAGR and must be an amateur)
5.) Winners of the Masters Tournament the last five years (2009-13)
6.) Winners of the British Open Championship the last five years (2008-12)
7.) Winners of the PGA of America Championship the last five years (2008-12)
8.) Winner of the Players Championship the last three years (2011-13)
9.) Winner of the 2013 European Tour BMW PGA Championship
10.) Winner of the 2012 U.S. Senior Open Championship
11.) From the 2012 U.S. Open Championship, the 10 lowest scores and anyone tying for 10th place
12.) Those players who qualified for the season-ending 2011 Tour Championship
13.) Top 60 point leaders and ties from the current World Rankings as of May 27, 2013*
14.) Top 60 point leaders and ties from the current World Rankings as of June 10, 2013
15.) Special exemptions as selected by the USGA

*-Those currently listed in the No. 13 category are based on Official World Golf Rankings as of April 22, 2013.

Visit https://champs.usga.org/EntryForms/usopen_2013.pdf for a full list of exemptions.



Partner Links
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The USGA and Chevron have committed to using the game of golf to encourage students in science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) disciplines. This commitment has led to the creation of extensive golf-focused STEM teaching tools, and has resulted in charitable contributions to support golf-related programs through Eagles for Education™

At U.S. Open Championships the Chevron STEM ZONE™ is an interactive experience highlighting the science and math behind the game of golf through a variety of hands-on exhibits and experiments.

The partnership has also produced educational materials such as the Science of Golf video series and a nationally-distributed newspaper insert which are provided to teachers as tools to enhance existing curriculum in schools. These lessons teach the science behind the USGA’s equipment testing, handicapping, and agronomy efforts.

For more interactive experiences featuring golf-focused STEM lessons, visit the partnership homepage.

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Rolex has been a longtime supporter of the USGA and salutes the sportsmanship and great traditions unique to the game. This support includes the Rules of Golf where Rolex has partnered with the USGA to ensure golfers understand and appreciate the game.

As the official timekeeper of the USGA and its championships, they also provide clocks throughout host sites for spectator convenience.

For more information on Rolex and their celebration of the game, visit the Rolex and Golf homepage.

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IBM has partnered with the USGA to bring the same technology, expertise, and innovation it provides to businesses all over the world to the USGA and golf's national championship.

IBM provides the information technology to develop and host the U.S. Open’s official website, www.usopen.com, as well as the mobile apps and scoring systems for the three U.S. Open championships. These real-time technology solutions provide an enhanced experience for fans following the championship onsite and online.

For more information on IBM and the technology that powers the U.S. Open and businesses worldwide, visit http://www.usopen.com/IBM

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Lexus is committed to partnering with the USGA to deliver a best-in-class experience for the world’s best golfers by providing a fleet of courtesy luxury vehicles for all USGA Championships.

At each U.S. Open, Women’s Open and Senior Open, Lexus provides spectators with access to unique experiences ranging from the opportunity to have a picture taken with both the U.S. Open and U.S. Women’s Open trophies to autograph signings with legendary Lexus Golf Ambassadors in the Lexus Performance Drive Pavilion.

For more information on Lexus, visit http://www.lexus.com/

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Together, American Express and the USGA have been providing world-class service to golf fans since 2006. By creating interactive U.S. Open experiences both onsite and online, American Express enhances the USGA’s effort to make the game more accessible and enjoyable for fans.

For more information on American Express visit www.americanexpress.com/entertainment

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